A number of different models of local archives provision developed: some justices and clerks of the peace protected the records of quarter sessions; city and borough authorities maintained their records; and public libraries acquired manuscripts alongside printed materials. In a few places, privately run antiquarian societies, trusts and museums collected archives in the absence of, or sometimes in conflict with, official bodies. The new county councils, formed after the Local Government Act 1888, began to provide for their county's records. By the early 20th century the forerunner of the modern local archives could be found in the clerk to the council's department holding official deeds and records of the council and its predecessors. These offices quickly developed into acquisitive archives, collecting the archives of families, estates, churches and other organisations in the locality and providing cultural, historical and research services to the community. Led by record agents or historians, reliant on individual enthusiasts, attached to local authorities structurally and financially, lacking legislative legitimacy, local archives were subject to local vicissitudes of policy and funding. Only a few saw a role in managing records for the council's current business. Bedfordshire can claim the earliest established county archive, appointing its Records Committee in 1898 and establishing an archive in 1913.16 In 1909 Dr George Herbert Fowler, a professor of zoology at University College London, retired from marine zoology to concentrate on gardening and local history. In 1912 Fowler founded Bedfordshire Historical Records Society and was elected to the county council. He became chairman of the Records Committee, in effect county archivist, a post he held until his death in 1940. Fowler introduced sliding steel presses in the store rooms, prepared destruction schedules for current records and devised a classification scheme. He had a vision of an acquisitive historical archive, holding county, parish and private records. In many ways, Bedfordshire (and Fowler) were pioneers. Bedfordshire became an important training ground for the archivists who were to oversee the development of the new county archives. Fowler noted in 1922 that there is 'no school of training from which an efficient archivist could be drawn' so he had 'to train on the spot some young person who has a natural bent towards historical study, who is orderly, methodical and neat fingered'. F G Emmison was trained in Fowler's approach, and in 1938 became the first county archivist of Essex. Fowler also trained at least three other future county archivists. Fowler published his book The care of county muniments in 1923,17 just a year after Jenkinson's Manual of archive administration, 'to draw the attention of County Authorities to the value and interest of their Records'. An exclusive professional organisation The third theme is the existence of professional associations for archivists and records managers, which establish standards of practice and ethics, build ELIZABETH SHEPHERD ARCHIVISTS IN 21ST CENTURY EUROPE: EMERGING PROFESSIONALS? 16 Joyce Godber 'Local archives of Great Britain I: the County Record Office at Bedford' Archives 1:1 (1949): 10-20. Patricia Bell Freddy Stitt 'George Herbert Fowler and county records' Journal of the Society of Archivists 23 (2002): 249-264. 17 G. Herbert Fowler The care of county muniments London: County Councils Association (1923). 45

Periodiekviewer Koninklijke Vereniging van Archivarissen

Jaarboeken Stichting Archiefpublicaties | 2010 | | pagina 47